Features of planting garlic: bulbils, rounds, cloves



This article is for those who want before buying garlic for planting, to understand the peculiarities of three types of planting material: seeds of garlic, cloves and bulbils.


Seeds of garlic are some generalized concept that does not correctly reflect the difference of seed. For reproduction of winter garlic are used bulbils, garlic rounds  and clove.

Let’s consider in detail features of each variant of planting garlic.

Bulbils Rounds Clove
Garlic seeds from an flower stalk Grows from bulbils after the first year of vegetation Bulb of garlic which is separated
 semena-chesnoka-vozdushka-bulbochki  posadochnyy-chesnok-odnozubka  posadochnyy-chesnok-zubki
In may/June winter garlic forms a flower arrow at the end of which, instead of inflorescences develop aerial bulbils. Selected, sorted, and dried in the fall they are planted in the field. The following year, from bulbils formed garlic rounds, weighing 0.5-5 g.

And only from this sets we will get next year’s harvest

Herewith, seed material is completely renewed, are genetically healthier.

The undeniable advantage is the price and it is possible to quickly multiply.

Of the shortcomings – the waiting period of result (2 years), and the complexity of the process for the collection of garlic rounds

Garlic rounds of diseases and pests, better root and overwinter, the yield you get next year, bulbils are always larger, and there is no need to separation.

Of the minuses – the price is much higher cloves

The yield of the obtained garlic rounds higher than that of clove with the same mass

Separated cloves of garlic planted for the winter, the next year will yield a full crop.

BUT! Grown in this way garlic, due to its biological characteristics, in 3-4 years can degenerate, lose genetic potential. The yield sharply declines, the number of cloves increases or decreases, the size and weight decrease, the growth force decreases, its taste qualities deteriorate, diseases and pests are transmitted.

It is important that the bulb was the first reproduction, without diseases and pests

Signs of degeneracy:

  • the cloves in the head are very different in size
  • the cloves split into each other
  • the cloves have a double top


Ukrainian garlic cooperative “UkrUp” offers:


+380 50 694 4199 Tatiana

+380 67 446 5295 Anna

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Features of cultivation of planting garlic

How to grow garlic seeds – bulbils

  1. For the cultivation of bulbils it is best to use purple varieties of garlic of medium or early ripening (cleaning takes place in the twentieth of July)
  2. The sign of the ripening of bulbils is their desiccation and decay of the inflorescences.
  3. Select inflorescences for bulbils it is necessary from the strongest plants.
  4. Rinse the inflorescences and sort bulbils according to size
  5. Store in refrigerators at a temperature of 0 +4 10-14 days


How to grow a garlic rounds from bulbils

  1. Plant bulbils in the fall with winter garlic or a little earlier
  2. Cleaning, grown from bulbils monochrome, occurs 2-3 weeks earlier than commercial garlic (early July).
  3. The collected bulbils dried in the shade
  4. Storage takes place at room temperature
  5. Landing of garlic rounds carried out in the fall, just like the cloves. And from this garlic rounds garlic is produced first generation.
  6. How to grow garlic for planting with cloves
  7. Bulbils of planting garlic after harvesting should be stored in bundles with untouched roots and a high stem!
  8. In no case can the roots and stem be cut off, and also the garlic can be peeled before planting!


How to grow garlic for planting teeth

  1. Bulbils of planting garlic after harvesting should be stored in bundles, with untouched roots and high stalk!
  2. In no case can the roots and stem be cut off before planting!



Preparing for planting garlic

Bulbils Garlic rounds   Cloves
1. Separation of bulbils into cloves
1. Sort by diameter 1. Sort by diameter 2. Sort by diameter
  • large – 6-8mm
  • medium – 4-5 mm
  • small – 3-4 mm
  • large – 14 mm
  • medium – 10-14 mm
  • small – less than 10 mm
  • large -> 6gr (30 mm)
  • medium – 3-6gr (25mm)
  • small 2-3 gr (it is possible to waste)
Per hectare is used about 1500 kg of heads, that is 1200-1300 kg cloves (the exact calculation depends on the planting plans and weight cloves).
3. Etching

To destroy the pathogens before planting, the clove are etched with fungicides: a 3% solution of benzalate, an exposure of 3-4 minutes, a 3% solution of foundation, an exposure of 1-2 minutes. When etched into the working solution add a preparation containing trace elements (Rexolin, Reakom, Aquarin mix and others). For destruction in seed garlic, the nematodes carry out gasification with sulfur dioxide (100 g of sulfur per 1 m3 of volume) in hermetic containers.

  1. (4.) Planting

Each of the selected groups is planted separately

A large garlic bulbils will immediately give a monotone from which the commodity garlic will grow and small bulbils in the first year will grow small garlic rounds  from which in the second year large garlic rounds  will grow and already from them grows commodity garlic


Posted by: Andrey Marchenko

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