Garlic fly (Suillia lurida or Suillia univittata). Very dangerous pest of winter garlic. Also affects onions, leeks and other alliaceous, including weeds of this family.
Garlic fertilized adult fly is brown-red winter remains of plants, lumps of earth, under the bark of trees. Garlic overfly areas or fields in March and in early April, especially in early spring when the temperature rises to +10°C and the garlic has time to form the 1-2 leaf and lays each plant one egg.
Garlic fly as pest was first detected in Czechoslovakia in 1962. The spread of this pest is in the Central and Eastern Europe. In some areas yield losses from the cause of the infection garlic fly reach 10%.
Of the eggs, whitish larvae of approximately 12 mm in length are regenerated, which bite into the leaf and eat out its interior, making the corridor down. The damaged leaf quickly dies off, twisting spirally.
New generations of adult garlic flies appear in May and June. The pest has one generation per year, therefore only winter garlic is damaged, since spring spring (at the time of laying the egg fly) does not allow green shoots.
Garlic fly — signs of damage
The leaves of garlic, garlic infected fly, curl and fade. Their yellowing starting from the young leaves.
The leaf (assimilation) surface is significantly reduced, the plants stop growing and begin to die off. In case of mass destruction, the whole crop may die, and some of the bulbs that have been preserved will not have a marketable appearance
In rainy weather affected garlic garlic fly often secondarily affected with wet rot.
Ukrainian garlic cooperative “UkrUp” offers:
+380 50 694 4199 Tatiana
+380 67 446 5295 Anna
By phone and WhatsApp
The fight against garlic fly
For small producers, the best way of dealing with garlic a fly is used as a physical protection white non-woven material that will prevent the garlic to the fly to carry out oviposition at the base of the shoots of garlic.
Direct way of fighting is spraying garlic fields in late February and early March, after at least four days the weather is Sunny with daytime temperatures around 10°C, regardless of grow garlic, or just have the first leaves. Spraying was repeated after 14 days. You can use insecticides — Karate Zeon, Reldan.
Posted by: Andrey Marchenko
To receive up-to-date information about growing and business on garlic – folow to us on Facebook, or enter your e-mail in the form on the right.